• Keep expectations realistic—consider what your loved one can do, rather than what they used to do.
  • Stick to short, simple plans—avoid elaborate, multistep activities.
  • Keep your comments positive and encouraging.
  • Avoid treating your loved one like a child.
  • Watch for cues, such as increased distraction or agitation.
  • Make the most of the skills and interests your loved one retains.
  • Take your time and be patient.