• See if you can identify triggers other than time.

  • If you can find a trigger, eliminate it.

  • Amp up activity during the day to encourage fatigue at night.

  • Waken the person relatively early in the day.

  • When agitation begins, offer a soothing snack.

  • If dinner is served late, make sure the person has a snack so as not to become overly hungry.

  • Try placing a full-spectrum fluorescent lamp a few feet from the person for a few hours.

  • Reassure with calming music, a hand massage, or a favorite TV program.

  • Hide your own anxiety at this time of day.

  • Secure the exits with motion sensors, locks, or gates to prevent nighttime wandering out of the house.

  • Stay calm.