• Try encouraging your family member to get up a little earlier each day.

  • Engage your loved one in physical activities such as gardening, walking and helping with housework.

  • By providing adequate fluids to your family member, you decrease the risks of nighttime leg cramps and other discomforts.

  • Serve the last meal of the day in the early evening and watch portion sizes.

  • Limit the news because stories about accidents and bombings may cause a person with dementia to obsess.

  • Understand your loved one’s sleep preferences and accommodate.

  • Check out things from your loved one’s point of view.

  • Make sure the mattress is comfortable and the bedding is inviting.

  • Wind down at the end of the day with simple tasks.

  • Build excitement for the next day.

  • Make bedtime a pleasant experience.

  • Provide a favorite soothing and familiar classical piece or a lullaby.

  • Tell a favorite story from your loved one’s childhood or recite a popular family prayer.

  • Install rope lightning on baseboards or small night lights from your loved one’s room to the bathroom for guidance.