Confusion is one of the primary symptoms of dementia. Those with dementia confuse past and present, and cannot always reason things out. Memory loss is what initiates the confusion. While you can’t fix it, you can do important things to help your family member work around some of these problems. It is important that everyone understands these symptoms and develops consistent strategies that support your loved one. The confusion impacts the whole family, since it makes it harder to communicate and get everyday tasks accomplished. Your loved one may say, “I need the thing with the handle, the thing for my head.” This could mean they want a hairbrush. Or, maybe they are struggling for the right word and come up with something close, like “my push” instead of “my brush.” Remember that the person with dementia always makes sense to their self. It’s up to us to figure out the message. By understanding some of the basic problems your loved one is dealing with, you can organize your approach and the environment to reduce stress and help them be more self-sufficient.