• Always be calm and understanding when accidents occur.

  • Wear gloves. This prevents the spread of disease; wash hands before and after assistance.

  • If the person cannot use the toilet and cannot learn to use a urinal, commode, or in-bed toileting, incontinence products will be necessary. If the person can move around on his own, do not encourage bed toileting.

  • Watch for signs of urinary tract infection (blood in urine, cloudy urine with sediment, etc.).

  • Because he may not recognize the need to use the toilet, “suggestions” to go to the bathroom can be very helpful—just a simple reminder after a meal, for example, or early in the morning, or before bedtime.

  • If the person is in the early stage of Alzheimer’s, leave a bathroom light on at night so a person can find the bathroom easily. If it is in another room, make sure the “pathway” is marked.